Volume 1, Number 1 June 1998
|MYERS-BRIGGS TYPE INDICATOR||16 PERSONALITY TYPES|
"Introduction to Personality Type and Terminology"
Barbara P. Ring, R.N., M.A.
The information on this website is based upon type theory
that assumes that the variation in human behavior is not due to
chance, but to basic and observable differences in the ways
people prefer to use their minds to gather and to process
information. These preferences can be identified by the
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), a well-researched self-report
instrument developed by Katharine Briggs and Isabel Briggs Myers.
This instrument is used extensively in work and organizational
environments and is generally recognized by psychologists to be
one of the best personality inventories available today.
The MBTI identifies four pairs of preferences which combine to make sixteen different personality types. These pairs are as follows:
direction of energy toward the outer world of people and things.
I Introversion: direction of energy toward the inner world of concepts and ideas.
2. METHOD OF
becoming aware of and gathering information through the physical
N Intuition: becoming aware of and gathering information through an intangible, usually
unconscious sense (sixth sense).
3. METHOD OF JUDGING
making decisions objectively, based on laws, principles, and
F Feeling: making decisions subjectively, based on values and relationships ones
own and those of others.
4. PERCEIVING/JUDGING PREFERENCE
Perceiving: liking to gather
information, keeping things open-ended, and going with the
J Judging: liking to have things decided, coming to conclusions, having a plan; aware of time factors and needing structure for comfort.
We need a well-developed perceiving
process to have an accurate perspective of reality.
We need a well-developed judging process to analyze the information gathered and to decide how to use it to act effectively.
the process which will govern the other preferences, giving
direction to and setting goals for the personality.
Auxiliary Process: the process
which is a helper for and which will work in the interest of the
dominant process. It will also provide balance between the P and the J and the E and the I preferences.
If the perceiving processis the dominant (governing) process, the judging process will be the auxiliary (helping) process. If the judging process is the dominant (governing) process, the perceiving process will be the auxiliary (helping) process.
We use all of the above preferences and
processes at different times, and each is appropriate in certain
situations. However, ones inborn preferences will (mostly)
determine which are most used and which will, therefore, be best
developed. This gives rise to infinite variation, even
among people of the same type.